The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Criminal Code



War crime against wounded and ill

Article 405

A person who, by violating the rules of international law, during a war or an armed conflict, and against wounded, ill, castaways or medical personnel, orders the committing of murders, torture, inhuman actions, biological, medical or other scientific experiments, taking of tissue or organs for transplantation, or inflicting grave suffering or injury to the body integrity or health, or illegal and self-willed destruction or usurpation of a large extent of materials, means for medical transport and stores from medical or religious institutions, or from units, which is not justifies by the military needs, or the person who commits any of the above mentioned crimes, shall be punished with imprisonment of at least ten years, or with life imprisonment.


Biological experiments - IAC
Destroying or seizing the enemy's property unless imperative - IAC
Extensive appropriation of property - IAC
Extensive destruction of property - IAC
Humiliating and degrading treatment - IAC
Inhuman treatment - IAC
Intentionally directing attacks against buildings dedicated to religion, education, art, science or charitable purposes, historic monuments, hospitals and places where the sick and wounded are collected - IAC
Intentionally directing attacks against buildings, material, medical units and transport using the emblems of the Geneva Conventions - IAC
Intentionally directing attacks against personnel using the emblems of the Geneva Conventions - IAC
Killing or wounding a combatant who no longer has means of defence and has surrendered at discretion - IAC
Medical experiments - IAC
Mutilation - IAC
Outrages upon personal dignity - IAC
Scientific experiments - IAC
Torture - IAC
Wilful killing - IAC
Wilfully causing great suffering - IAC
Wilfully causing serious injury to body - IAC
Wilfully causing serious injury to health - IAC
National penalties - war crimes
National penalties - life imprisonment